Quarts de Chaume : Land of great sweets Wines

Quarts de Chaume : Land of great sweets Wines

Quarts de Chaume : Land of great sweets

The historic name of the Quarts de Chaume grand cru alone evokes the notion of selection. In the past, Quarts de Chaume wines were made from the best grapes grown in the cru's historic territory.

"In the 15th century, the lords of La Guerche, tenants of the Chaume tenement, paid the nuns of the Ronceray Abbey in Angers with the best quarters of the harvest hanging on the reverse of the south-facing side," recalls Pascal Cellier, head of INAO Val de Loire.

At the time, the Quarts de Chaume area covered just 5 hectares, compared with 50 today. "This was the Les Quarts parcel, the land closest to the Layon, which was particularly well-ventilated and had thin soils.

During the 20th century, the vineyard grew to around 20 hectares in the 1930s. Then 43 hectares in 1956 when the appellation was created, encompassing the southern and eastern parts of the vineyard. These plots of land are always very close to the Layon river, sheltered from humid westerly and northerly winds.

ESSENTIAL FOGS

The Quarts de Chaume vineyard is located on a convex slope overlooking a meander of the Layon on its right bank. Facing south and southeast, it ranges in altitude from 25 to 75 meters, and is bounded on the west and east by two talwegs that descend to the river.

The proximity of the Layon is essential, as it causes the formation of morning fog in autumn, which, coupled with good sun exposure during the rest of the day, favors the development of Botrytis cinerea on the grapes. This fungus, which causes noble rot, is responsible for the over-ripening of the grapes that makes Grand Cru wines so distinctive.

"The appellations producing sweet white wines correspond to early-ripening vineyards with steep slopes, thin, draining soils that are not very to moderately rich, rather stony and predominantly light loamy in texture. Water supply is a major constraint.

Over-ripening of the grapes, essential for the production of sweet white wine, is largely favored by the high earliness and low vegetative development of the vines, which avoids the development of gray rot in favor of noble rot," explains an INRA team in a study devoted to the vineyards of Anjou.

The scientists also note that while the historic cru was perfectly homogeneous, today's grand cru includes more variable soils and altitudes.

"The locality known as "Les Quarts" has essentially Brioverian Metagrauwacke soils. It is the lowest in altitude and the closest to the Layon river, and therefore benefits from excellent over-ripening conditions. The extension of the AOC in the 1950s to areas with Carboniferous soils has increased the variability of the territory."

WAITING FOR NOBLE ROT

Beyond the physical descriptions of the cru, it is the behavior of the vines and grapes during ripening that marks the identity of the territory. "The Grand Cru is, of course, a geographical entity, but observation is the basis for classification.

"Of course, there is variability in the characteristics of the plots, but in these the type of over-ripening of the grapes specific to the grand cru occurs. For example, the schist soils in the lower part of the appellation are draining and precocious, but the low altitude means that grape ventilation is relatively poor. The higher you go, the deeper and moister the soils, but the greater the ventilation.

As a result, grape typicity is comparable between these two zones. When I speak of typicity, I'm not referring to a list of aromas, but to the perception of these aromas and the minerality of the wine,

For example, the Quarts de Chaume Grand Cru corresponds to an area where grapes botrytize early and slowly, without being washed by rain. This is where the fungus settles most easily on the berries and expresses itself most nobly, between minerality and overripe aromas. "

the geographical position of the spur, exposure to wind, sunlight and heat, and proximity to water all play a part in the over-ripening of the berries, linked to the slow action of botrytis, a guarantee of the quality of noble rot.

In the nearby Premier Cru Chaume area, passerillage (over-ripening of the grapes by drying out, without the action of botrytis) is greater, and botrytization, when it occurs, is faster. The Premier Cru receives more wind and dew than the Grand Cru, so the end of over-ripening is different.

Beyond questions of borders, a cru exists through man's know-how. the highs and lows of the appellation. "The great Quarts de Chaume wines date back to the 20s and 30s. From the 1960s to the mid-80s, the wines were of the highest quality.

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crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat Used to make the Crisp Chat consistant when going to your website. Without this cookie, the customer would have a new chat session everytime he switchs to a new page. 6 months
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat Used to make the Crisp Chat consistant when going to your website. Without this cookie, the customer would have a new chat session everytime he switchs to a new page. 6 months
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
laravel_session kip9.com Cookie used to identify a session instance for the user. 1 day
laravel_session kip9.com Cookie used to identify a session instance for the user. 1 day
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ads/ga-audiences Google These cookies are used by Google AdWords to re-engage visitors that are likely to convert to customers based on the visitor’s online behaviour across websites. Session
ads/ga-audiences Google These cookies are used by Google AdWords to re-engage visitors that are likely to convert to customers based on the visitor’s online behaviour across websites. Session
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
C adform.net Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies. 30 days
C adform.net Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies. 30 days
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
fr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. 3 months
fr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. 3 months
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
IDE doubleclick.net Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user. 1 year
IDE doubleclick.net Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user. 1 year
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
kk_leadtag Kelkoo Product price comparison. 1 year
kk_leadtag Kelkoo Product price comparison. 1 year
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
NID Google Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads. 6 months
NID Google Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads. 6 months
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
sib_cuid Sendinblue Collects information on the user's website navigation and preferences - This is used to target potential newsletter based upon this information. 1 year
sib_cuid Sendinblue Collects information on the user's website navigation and preferences - This is used to target potential newsletter based upon this information. 1 year
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
tr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. Session
tr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. Session