The Magic of Whisky

The Magic of Whisky

Definition :

Whiskey or whiskey is the generic name for a set of spirits made by distilling malted or unmalted cereals.


What is the origin of the word whisky?

Whiskey was rather consumed for its medicinal virtues, hence the term “water of life”. The Gaelic term for “water of life” happens to be “uisge beatha”, which will gradually become “ooshki” then “whiskey”.

How to define a whisky?

The color of a whiskey may vary from the palest yellow to the darkest amber. This is rarely uniform. Golden, copper, reddish, bronze or even greenish reflections are often apparent. Certain refinements such as those carried out in port casks also bring surprising pink nuances.


What is the difference between whiskey and scotch?

To return to Scotch whiskey, its major difference compared to other whiskeys comes from the selection of cereals. Indeed, unlike bourbon made from at least 51% corn and rye whiskey made from at least 51% rye, Scotch is an alcohol produced from 100% malted barley.


How is drunk?

First of all, pour your whiskey into a tulip glass, with a tight neck which will allow you to concentrate the aromas, and that's it! Avoid putting ice cubes in it, this could cause a thermal shock which would harm the aromas. The ideal serving temperature is around 15°C.


The different types of whiskey

Each type of whiskey has unique flavors
The taste of a whiskey varies a lot between different types of whisky. This change in flavor is explained by the many production processes used but also by the variety of ingredients used during the manufacture of whiskey. Before tasting a whiskey, it is interesting to know how it is produced to better understand all its flavors.

Peated Whisky

Bourbon

Rye whiskey

Tennessee whisky

Blended whisky

Peat brings a characteristic flavor to peated whiskey with several aromas such as liquorice, ash or camphor. The most pronounced taste remains that of the wood fire which gives this whiskey its success.

Bourbon is an American whiskey made from at least 51% corn. The flavors of bourbon will depend on the content of the ingredients: a bourbon with a lot of corn, for example, will be sweeter. In general, there are flavors of caramel, vanilla and spices.

Rye whiskey is an American whiskey made from at least 51% rye. In Canada, whiskey, whether it is made from rye or not, is often called rye whisky. To enjoy an authentic rye whiskey, it is therefore important to check the rye content.

Tennesse whiskey is an American whiskey made up of at least 51% of the same cereal, which is generally corn. It differs from bourbon by its manufacturing process which uses charcoal filtering, giving it a drier and smokier taste.

 

Blended whiskey is created from a mixture of malt and grain whiskeys from different distilleries. There is also blended malt whiskey and blended grain whiskey made respectively from single malt whiskeys and grain whiskeys.

The making of whiskey:


Whiskey Ingredients, making whiskey requires only three ingredients:
- Cereals, usually barley, sometimes rye, wheat or corn.
- Yeasts
- Water (lots of water)


If the list of ingredients is simple, the preparation requires extreme precision. The art of transforming three common elements into a beverage of impressive richness is a real work of magician!


 Step 1: Malting, transforming the barley into malt


- Humidification: The first step is to malt the barley, to make the barley is soaked in water for 48 to 72 hours depending on the atmosphere where the operation is carried out. Soaking barley makes it possible to obtain a humidity rate of more than 40% in the barley grain, whereas this rate was around 15% initially.


-Germination: Once moistened, the barley is spread on a malting area where it begins to germinate. Germination is the release of enzymes that convert starch into sugar. It must imperatively be stopped before the sugars are consumed, the drying stops the germination along the way.


Drying: To carry out the drying, the grains of malt are heated in large ovens which, for some, use a peat fire which gives smoky notes to the whiskey while drying with hot air will give it roasted aromas. The degree of peating can be measured in ppm (parts per million), which will indicate the level of intensity of a peated whisky.


It is therefore thanks to the peat fire that the best peated whiskeys exist!
Once dried, the barley is ground into a powder called “grist”.


 Step 2: Brewing, mixing the malt in the water


Second step, mixing, the water used must be low in minerals, to do so it must not be in contact with the underground layers. The location of a distillery is often chosen according to the quality of the nearby water source. To brew the grist obtained previously, it is mixed with a first water heated to 60°C which transforms the starch into sugars, the must obtained is kept.


The grist is remixed in a second water, heated to 70°C, which allows the last sugars to be extracted. The must of the second mixture is then added to that of the first. Then we start the operation again for a third and last time with water heated to 80°C which will be reused for the next brewing.


 Step 3: Fermentation, the transformation of sugar into alcohol


We have the must, we can move on to the third stage. The must is first cooled to 20°C and then transferred to the fermentation tanks. A yeast is then added to the vats which will transform the sugar in the must into alcohol. Once the transformation is complete, we obtain the wash, a liquid with an alcohol content between 6 and 8°.
Depending on the type of yeast used during fermentation, the whiskey will develop specific aromas. Among the aromas resulting from fermentation, we can mention fruity, floral and cereal flavors.

 Step 4: The distillation of the whiskey, the passage of the whiskey in the still


After fermentation, we move on to the most important stage in the development of whiskey, the passage in alembic!
Here many parameters play on the character and the final aromatic palette of the whisky: the size and shape of the stills, the duration of the process, the inclination of the gooseneck or the number of distillations. Depending on the distilleries, the wash passes two or (more rarely) three times in stills of different sizes.
Distillation consists of heating the still, to raise the alcohol vapors in the gooseneck, we then obtain a liquid with a very high degree of alcohol.


The first distillation is carried out in large stills and makes it possible to produce “low wines” with an alcohol content of 25°. The second distillation is carried out in smaller stills and produces an eau de vie, the “heart of heating” grading at 70° alcohol.


 Step 5: Aging, maturation of the whiskey in barrels


After distillation, comes the stage that has the most influence on the aromas of whiskey, aging. The eau de vie obtained by distillation must mature in barrels for at least 3 years to obtain the whiskey appellation, the longer it ages, the more it will develop rich and complex aromas. Depending on the type of cask used (used, new, white oak, American oak, old sherry cask, etc.) and its size, different aromas will be developed at a more or less rapid rate, the color of the spirit will also change. If you want to know more about the influence of maturation on the color of whiskey, we talk about it in a part of the article on whiskey tasting.


During aging, the barrels are stored in cellars called “rack warehouses” (warehouses equipped with metal racks to store the barrels). The external environment (temperature, climate, ambient air) also plays a role in aging by providing specific aromas to it. A good example is Canadian whiskey Pike Creek which ages in a warehouse with a temperature varying from -35°C to 35°C depending on the seasons.


 Step 6: Bottling the whiskey


Once the whiskey ages, it must be bottled, either the whiskey is not blended in the case of a single malt, or it is blended with other whiskeys in the most harmonious way possible by a master blender and will become a blended. Once assembled, water is added to reduce the alcohol volume of the whiskey from around 70° to 40°.


There you go, we can finally taste our bottle of whiskey!

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PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
Necessary cookies
Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies.
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat Disables features for Crisp Chat that are having too many visitors at the same time Session
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat Disables features for Crisp Chat that are having too many visitors at the same time Session
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/domain-detect Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat Used to make the Crisp Chat consistant when going to your website. Without this cookie, the customer would have a new chat session everytime he switchs to a new page. 6 months
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat Used to make the Crisp Chat consistant when going to your website. Without this cookie, the customer would have a new chat session everytime he switchs to a new page. 6 months
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
crisp-client/session Crisp Chat
laravel_session kip9.com Cookie used to identify a session instance for the user. 1 day
laravel_session kip9.com Cookie used to identify a session instance for the user. 1 day
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
laravel_session kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com This cookie is native to PHP and enables websites to store serialised state data. It is used to establish a user session and to pass state data via a temporary cookie, which is commonly referred to as a session cookie. Session
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PHP_SESSID kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com This cookie helps keep user sessions open while they are visiting a website, and help them make orders and many more operations such as: cookie add date, selected language, used currency, last product category visited, last seen products, client identification, name, first name, encrypted password, email linked to the account, shopping cart identification. 480 hours
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
PrestaShop-# kip9.com
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. This is beneficial for the website, in order to make valid reports on the use of their website. Persistent
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::a Google
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots. Persistent
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
rc::c Google
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat Technical cookies required by CDN provider Cloudflare, to ensure that websites visitors connecting the Crisp Chat are routed to the same server everytime when going to your website. It makes the chatbox loading faster 30 days
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
__cfduid Crisp Chat
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp Needed for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.barclicked Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp Stores content in text area from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.message Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp Check if chat box is opened from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.opened Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp Number of unread messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
ssupp.unreaded Smartsupp
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
collect Google
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google It is used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and its behavior. Track the visitor across devices and marketing channels. Session
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
r/collect Google
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp Conversation ID from live chat service provided by Smartsupp Session
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.chatid Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp Last group of visitor from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. Session
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.group Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp Necessary for the functionality of the website's chat-box function. 6 months
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.vid Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp Number of previous visits, necessary to track for automatic messages from live chat service provided by Smartsupp. 6 months
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
ssupp.visits Smartsupp
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 2 years
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_ga Google
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google Used to throttle request rate. 1 minute
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gat_gtag_UA_* Google
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google This is a Google Analytics Session cookie used to generate statistical data on how you use the website which is removed when you quit your browser. Session
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gd# Google
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. 1 day
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
_gid Google
Cookie name Provider Purpose Expiry
ads/ga-audiences Google These cookies are used by Google AdWords to re-engage visitors that are likely to convert to customers based on the visitor’s online behaviour across websites. Session
ads/ga-audiences Google These cookies are used by Google AdWords to re-engage visitors that are likely to convert to customers based on the visitor’s online behaviour across websites. Session
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
ads/ga-audiences Google
C adform.net Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies. 30 days
C adform.net Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies. 30 days
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
C adform.net
fr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. 3 months
fr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. 3 months
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
fr Facebook
IDE doubleclick.net Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user. 1 year
IDE doubleclick.net Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user. 1 year
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
IDE doubleclick.net
kk_leadtag Kelkoo Product price comparison. 1 year
kk_leadtag Kelkoo Product price comparison. 1 year
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
kk_leadtag Kelkoo
NID Google Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads. 6 months
NID Google Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads. 6 months
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
NID Google
sib_cuid Sendinblue Collects information on the user's website navigation and preferences - This is used to target potential newsletter based upon this information. 1 year
sib_cuid Sendinblue Collects information on the user's website navigation and preferences - This is used to target potential newsletter based upon this information. 1 year
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
sib_cuid Sendinblue
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_SID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_C_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_KEY Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_SID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook Collects statistical data related to the user's website visits, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded. The purpose is to segment the website's users according to factors such as demographics and geographical location, in order to enable media and marketing agencies to structure and understand their target groups to enable customised online advertising. 13 months
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
SL_L_#_VID Smartlook
tr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. Session
tr Facebook Used by Facebook to deliver a series of advertisement products such as real time bidding from third party advertisers. Session
tr Facebook
tr Facebook
tr Facebook
tr Facebook
tr Facebook
trkcg_fid Carts Guru Identify the user ID for remarketing services 30 days
trkcg_fid Carts Guru Identify the user ID for remarketing services 30 days
trkcg_fid Carts Guru
trkcg_fid Carts Guru
trkcg_fid Carts Guru
trkcg_fid Carts Guru
trkcg_fid Carts Guru
trkcg_sid Carts Guru Identify the session for remarketing services 30 minutes
trkcg_sid Carts Guru Identify the session for remarketing services 30 minutes
trkcg_sid Carts Guru
trkcg_sid Carts Guru
trkcg_sid Carts Guru
trkcg_sid Carts Guru
trkcg_sid Carts Guru
uid adform.net Registers a unique user ID that recognises the user's browser when visiting websites that use the same ad network. The purpose is to optimise display of ads based on the user's movements and various ad providers' bids for displaying user ads. 2 months
uid Criteo Collects visitor data related to the user's visits to the website, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded, with the purpose of displaying targeted ads. 30 days
uid adform.net Registers a unique user ID that recognises the user's browser when visiting websites that use the same ad network. The purpose is to optimise display of ads based on the user's movements and various ad providers' bids for displaying user ads. 2 months
uid Criteo Collects visitor data related to the user's visits to the website, such as the number of visits, average time spent on the website and what pages have been loaded, with the purpose of displaying targeted ads. 30 days
uid adform.net
uid Criteo
uid adform.net
uid Criteo
uid adform.net
uid Criteo
uid adform.net
uid Criteo
uid adform.net
uid Criteo
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com Tries to estimate the users' bandwidth on pages with integrated YouTube videos. 179 days
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com Tries to estimate the users' bandwidth on pages with integrated YouTube videos. 179 days
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE youtube.com
YSC youtube.com Registers a unique ID to keep statistics of what videos from YouTube the user has seen. Session
YSC youtube.com Registers a unique ID to keep statistics of what videos from YouTube the user has seen. Session
YSC youtube.com
YSC youtube.com
YSC youtube.com
YSC youtube.com
YSC youtube.com
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com
yt-remote-cast-installed youtube.com
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Persistent
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Persistent
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com
yt-remote-connected-devices youtube.com