An exceptional terroir in Southwest : Jurançon
Jurançon is a wine appellation that exploits an enchanting and favourable terroir south of Pau in southwestern France.
Gros Manseng and Petit Manseng make up 99% of the grape varieties. These are specific and local grape varieties, well adapted to the climatic conditions: very high vines to avoid spring frosts and very resistant grapes. Gros Manseng is the basic grape variety of the young Jurançon Secs and Jurançon moelleux, then we have the complementary grape varieties of Jurançon which are Petit Courbu, Gros Courbu, Courbu, Lauzet and Camaralet.
The relief of the Jurançon appellation is jagged and uneven. Indeed, the vineyard is made up of small plots of land which are spread out in a green setting among numerous palm and banana trees, from the foothills of the Château de Pau to the Pyrenees. To exploit the best terroirs, which are often very steep, the vines can be planted in terraces.
The silico-clay soil is rich in pebbles carried by the Pyrenean torrents and glaciers.
The vineyard is divided by a horizontal line.
- To the south, the subsoil comes from marine sediments deposited before and during the formation of the Pyrenees.
- To the north, the soils of the land: Poudingues de Jurançon, limestone pebbles with siliceous gravels, laid down during the formation of the Pyrenees.
These tertiary soils are covered with :
- Clay and sand complexes (ancient quaternary)
- Clay-sandstone coating (Pliocene age).
All the ingredients of an exceptional terroir which has managed to survive and become a reference in the South West.